文章摘要
傅刚1,张树钦1,庞华基2,孙雅文1.爆发性气旋研究的回顾[J].海洋气象学报,2017,37(1):10-19
爆发性气旋研究的回顾
Review of researches on explosive cyclones
  
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2017.01.002
中文关键词: 爆发性气旋  定义  分类  气候学特征  发展机制
英文关键词: explosive cyclone  definition  classification  climatology  developing mechanism
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41275049)
作者单位
傅刚1,张树钦1,庞华基2,孙雅文1 1. 中国海洋大学海洋与大气学院山东 青岛 266100 2. 青岛市气象局山东 青岛 266003 
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中文摘要:
      爆发性气旋又称“气象炸弹”,定义为在考虑地转调整到60°N时气旋中心气压加深率大于1 hPa/h的快速发展的气旋,具有中心气压急剧降低、强度急剧增大的特点,多发于洋面上,对海上航行安全及沿岸人民生产生活具有重要的影响。近几十年来,众多学者对爆发性气旋开展了广泛而深入的研究,在爆发性气旋的气候学特征、结构特征和发展机制等方面取得了较大的进展,但同时还有许多亟待解决的问题。本文结合前人对爆发性气旋的研究工作,系统地回顾和总结了爆发性气旋的研究进展,希望能够为将来对爆发性气旋的研究工作带来一些启发和思考。
英文摘要:
      Explosive cyclones, known as meteorological “bombs”, are defined as a cyclone whose central sea level pressure decrease normalized at 60°N is greater than 1 hPa per hour. They frequently occurs over the vast ocean in cold season and usually causes serious losses of life and property due to the extremely bad weather related to their rapid intensification. Many previous studies focused on the climatology, spatial-temporal structures and developing mechanisms of explosive cyclones. During the past years, many significant progresses had been made on study of explosive cyclones, but there are still some questions which were not solved. In this paper, the previous researches on explosive cyclones are reviewed and some problems unsolved are indicated, aiming to have some enlightenment for future researches on explosive cyclones.
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