文章摘要
卢乃锰,郑伟,王新,高玲,刘清华,武胜利,蒋建莹,谷松岩,方翔.气象卫星及其产品在天气气候分析和环境灾害监测中的应用概述[J].海洋气象学报,2017,37(1):20-30
气象卫星及其产品在天气气候分析和环境灾害监测中的应用概述
Overview of meteorological satellite and its data application in weather analysis, climate and environment disaster monitoring
  
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2017.01.003
中文关键词: 气象卫星  天气分析  环境灾害  气候变化  监测
英文关键词: meteorological satellite  weather analysis  environment disaster  climate change  monitoring
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41201360);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0600101)
作者单位
卢乃锰,郑伟,王新,高玲,刘清华,武胜利,蒋建莹,谷松岩,方翔 国家卫星气象中心北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      随着气象卫星技术的发展,卫星观测能力不断提升,全球气象卫星观测体系逐步形成。美国、欧洲和中国都建立了极轨和静止气象卫星观测系统,日本、韩国等国家也拥有各自的气象卫星。与卫星发展初期相比,现在的气象卫星在空间分辨率、时间分辨率、光谱分辨率以及波段覆盖范围等方面都有了极大的提高。与之相伴,气象卫星遥感资料应用也取得了长足的进步。卫星应用领域不断拓展,新的资料处理方法不断涌现,数据使用也完成了从定性向定量的跨越。本文将在总结目前气象卫星遥感载荷观测能力的基础上,着重介绍卫星资料在天气分析、环境灾害监测以及气候变化研究方面的应用。
英文摘要:
      As the developing of space technique, the meteorological satellite and its instruments have experienced great improvement. Right now, China, Europe and United States are operating their own polar and geo stationary meteorological satellites,and Japan, South Korea have also established national geo-stationary meteorological satellite system. Compared with its early stage, today's meteorological satellite improved enormously, especially in its spatial, temporal and spectral resolution as well as spectral coverage. Meanwhile, satellite data application has also developed tremendously, taking into account the maturity of data useness as well as the domination of the use of quantitative data. In this paper, the status of current meteorological satellite and the capacity of its payloads are reviewed, and then the application of satellite data in the field of weather analysis, climate and environment disaster monitoring is also described.
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