文章摘要
王维国1,王莉萍1,孙敏2,李红艳3,王月冬 1.“一带一路”建设气象服务能力分析[J].海洋气象学报,2017,37(4):19-24
“一带一路”建设气象服务能力分析
Analysis on the meteorological service capability of the Belt and Road construction
投稿时间:2017-08-22  修订日期:2017-09-17
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2017.04.003
中文关键词: 一带一路  气象灾害  中央气象台  气象服务
英文关键词: the Belt and Road  meteorological disasters  the Central Meteorological Observatory  meteorological services
基金项目:中国气象局2017年决策气象服务专项(“一带一路”建设气象服务能力分析)
作者单位
王维国1,王莉萍1,孙敏2,李红艳3,王月冬 1 1. 国家气象中心北京 100081 2. 鄂尔多斯市准格尔旗气象局内蒙古 准格尔旗 010300 3. 呼伦贝尔市气象局内蒙古 呼伦贝尔 021000 
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中文摘要:
      自2013年提出“一带一路”倡议以来,建设成果丰硕。“一带一路”涵盖亚、欧、非三大洲,地域广阔,气候复杂,气象灾害种类多,影响大。文章从“一带一路”区域的气象灾害事实为出发点,分析了在“一带一路”建设实施过程中所面临的气象灾害风险,并结合中央气象台的实际业务能力和潜力,在现有能力的基础上提出:1)建立“一带一路”专项气象服务机构,开展气象灾害风险预评估业务,有利于为“一带一路”建设提供安全保障;2)加强国际合作,实现资料共享,提高气象服务能力;3)加强“一带一路”灾害性天气的监测、预警,规避或减轻气象灾害造成的损失;4)拓展“一带一路”气象服务的传播手段,开展有针对性的气象服务。
英文摘要:
      There are many achievements of the Belt and Road construction, from the Belt and Road initiative which was proposed in 2013. The areas of the Belt and Road are broad, including Asia, Europe and Africa. The natural climate is varied and there are many categories of the meteorological disasters, which have great impact on these areas. Based on the meteorological disasters in these areas as the starting point, the risks of meteorological disasters were analyzed in this paper, which will occur in the process of implementation of the Belt and Road initiative. And four suggestions were put forward on the meteorological services for the Belt and Road fulfillment, based on the operational abilities and potentialities of the Central Meteorological Observatory. First of all, establishing the special meteorological service agency for the Belt and Road to develop the meteorological disaster assessment service, which is beneficial to ensure the safety of its construction; Then, the meteorological department should strengthen the international cooperation to achieve information sharing and improve the ability of meteorological services; Thirdly, strengthening the meteorological disaster monitoring and early warning of the Belt and Road are conducive to avoid or cut the losses caused by meteorological disasters; Finally, expanding the communication methods of the meteorological services for the Belt and Road, and implementing pertinent services.
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