文章摘要
郭飞燕1,2,左卫强3,郭飞龙4,曹艳察5.伴随IOD型和独立型ENSO对山东气候年际变化的影响[J].海洋气象学报,2017,37(4):34-48
伴随IOD型和独立型ENSO对山东气候年际变化的影响
The impacts of ENSO for accompanied with IOD type and isolated type on the interannual climate variability in Shandong
投稿时间:2017-08-25  修订日期:2017-10-15
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2017.04.005
中文关键词: 伴随型  独立型  ENSO  IOD  山东年际气候变化
英文关键词: accompanied type  isolated type  ENSO  IOD  interannual climate variability of Shandong
基金项目:青岛市局校合作科研基金项目(2015qdqxh02);淮河流域气象开放研究基金项目(HRM201601);黄渤海区域科技协同创新基金项目(QYXM201614)
作者单位
郭飞燕1,2,左卫强3,郭飞龙4,曹艳察5 1. 青岛市气象局山东 青岛 266003 2. 青岛市气象灾害防御工程技术研究中心山东 青岛 266003 3. 胶州市气象局山东 胶州 266318 4. 中南林业科技大学湖南 长沙 410004 5. 国家气象中心北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      使用1951年以来66 a的观测和再分析资料,通过合成分析的方法对比分析了厄尔尼诺/拉尼娜(El Niño /La Niña)伴随正/负印度洋偶极子(positive/negative Indian Ocean Dipole,pIOD/nIOD)发生年或独立发生年山东夏、秋季气温和降水的年际变化特征,结果表明,伴随IOD型和独立型El Niño/La Niña对山东夏、秋季气温和降水的影响在强度、范围、正负位相、空间型态上存在很大的差异。在气温方面,El Niño在pIOD的调制作用下对山东南部地区夏季气温年际变化的影响加强;El Niño与pIOD伴随发生时,山东秋季气温较常年偏高,而独立发生时气温则偏低,呈反位相变化;La Niña与nIOD伴随发生年夏季鲁西北气温较常年偏低,La Niña独立发生年夏季半岛东部气温较常年偏高,气温异常呈反位相变化;nIOD对La Niña的调制促进作用有利于山东秋季气温较常年异常偏高;850 hPa气温异常与山东表面气温异常有很强的正相关关系。在降水方面,El Niño在pIOD的调制作用下容易引起山东北部地区夏季降水偏少,但会削弱其对山东中部地区秋季降水负异常的影响;La Niña在nIOD的调制作用下山东境内降水都较常年偏多,但降水异常地域分布非常不均,鲁西北降水较常年显著偏多;独立型La Niña更易引起鲁西北西部、鲁中、鲁南大部分地区夏季降水偏少。850 hPa环流异常配合温度场异常对山东夏、秋季降水异常分布有一定的影响。
英文摘要:
      Based on the observation and reanalysis datasets since 1951, the interannual variability of air temperature and precipitation in Shandong under the influence of El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation (ENSO) with (accompanied type) or without (isolated type) Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) are conducted through the composite analysis. It is discovered that there are distinct differences on the effect intensity, extent, phase and spatial pattern of interannual variability between the accompanied and isolated type of ENSO: for the air temperature, with the reinforce of positive IOD(pIOD), El Niño has more notable effect on the air temperature anomalies over the south of Shandong in summer; when El Niño occurs with pIOD, the air temperature in Shandong is higher than normal in autumn, while it is lower when El Niño occurs only, which varies out of phase; when La Niña appears with negative IOD (nIOD), the air temperature over the northwest of Shandong is lower than normal, while it is higher over the east of Shandong Peninsula when La Niña appears only, which varies out of phase too; as a joint influence of La Niña and nIOD, the air temperature over Shandong is higher than normal in autumn; a close correlation exists between the air temperature anomalies at surface and 850 hPa over Shandong during the summer and autumn of El Niño/La Niña. As for the precipitation, under the influence of pIOD, El Niño tends to reduce the precipitation of the north Shandong in summer, but weakens its influence on the negative precipitation anomalies in the middle of Shandong. La Niña occurring with nIOD has a stronger effect on the interannual variability of summer precipitation in Shandong; the precipitation displays significant inhomogenous distribution accompanying with significant positive anomalies in the northwest of Shandong; for the isolated La Niña, the summer precipitation is less than the climatology in the northwest, middle and south of Shandong; the circulation anomalies accompanied with the air temperature anomalies at 850 hPa play a role in the precipitation anomalies over Shandong in summer and autumn.
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