文章摘要
宋姝彤1,2,衣立1,2,张苏平1,2,王晓宇1,刘一林1,陈显尧1.Polar WRF模式海冰密集度方案对北极海雾模拟效果的个例研究[J].海洋气象学报,2019,39(2):34-42
Polar WRF模式海冰密集度方案对北极海雾模拟效果的个例研究
Sensitivity study of sea ice fraction in Polar WRF numerical simulation of Arctic sea fog
投稿时间:2018-12-29  修订日期:2019-02-20
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2019.02.004
中文关键词: 北极海雾  海冰密集度  PolarWRF模式  潜热通量  水汽通量
英文关键词: Arctic sea fog  sea ice fraction  Polar WRF model  latent heat flux  water vapor flux
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC1402702);国家自然科学基金项目(41605006,41561144001);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2016DB26);青岛市气象局科研项目(2015qdqxh01)
作者单位
宋姝彤1,2,衣立1,2,张苏平1,2,王晓宇1,刘一林1,陈显尧1 1. 中国海洋大学物理海洋教育部重点实验室山东 青岛 266100 2. 山东省海洋-大气相互作用与气候重点实验室山东 青岛 266100 
摘要点击次数: 214
全文下载次数: 191
中文摘要:
      全球变暖的背景下,北极航线的常规通航甚至商业运营有望实现,而海雾会严重影响航道上船只的航行安全。海冰的存在使海气之间相互作用变得更为复杂,是研究北极海雾不可忽略的因素。船载观测发现,与中纬度常见平流冷却雾形成时气温下降速度往往超过海水降温速度不同,北极海雾发生时海冰的存在还会使海水降温速度超过空气降温速度。然而目前海冰分布是否会影响模式模拟海雾的准确性还不得而知,因此本文利用Polar WRF(Polar Weather Research and Forecasting)模式模拟了中国第七次北极考察中观测到的一次海雾过程,并进行海冰密集度敏感性试验。通过与船载观测和欧洲中期天气预报中心再分析数据比对发现,在低浮冰区内(海冰密集度小于50%)考虑海冰分布时可以更加准确地刻画潜热通量与水汽通量,模拟出与观测事实相符的表层空气降温与增湿过程以及相对湿度的变化,因此能够更好地刻画海雾的三维结构及其生消演变。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of global warming, it is possible to open the Arctic summer route and even to conduct commercial utilization. The Arctic sea fog would seriously affect the navigation safety of ships along the channel. The existence of sea ice makes the interaction between sea and air very complicated, which is a problem that cannot be ignored in the study of Arctic sea fog. Ship-based observations show that unlike the common mid-latitude advection cooling fog whose formation sees the rate of surface air temperature drop generally greater than that of sea water temperature drop, the Arctic sea fog occurs when the rate of sea water temperature drop exceeds that of surface air temperature drop because of sea ice. However, it remains a doubt whether or not the distribution of sea ice would affect the accuracy of the model simulation of sea fog. In this paper, Polar Weather Research and Forecasting (Polar WRF) model is used to simulate a sea fog case observed during China's seventh expedition to Arctic in summer and sensitivity experiments on sea ice fraction are conducted. The experiments are verified by ship-based observations and the reanalysis data of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. The results show that in areas of low floating ice fraction (sea ice fraction lower than 50%), when considering distribution features of sea ice, Polar WRF model can more accurately describe latent heat flux and upward water vapor flux and simulate the process of surface air temperature drop and humidification and the change of relative humidity. Therefore, Polar WRF model with sea ice fraction can better describe the three-dimensional structure and the evolution of Arctic sea fog.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭