文章摘要
张永恒,孔祥一,张立生,王维国.2018年我国灾害性天气及决策气象服务分析[J].海洋气象学报,2019,39(4):35-42
2018年我国灾害性天气及决策气象服务分析
Analysis on disastrous weather and decision-making meteorological service over China in 2018
投稿时间:2019-11-12  修订日期:2019-11-25
DOI:10.19513/j.cnki.issn2096-3599.2019.04.004
中文关键词: 灾害性天气  决策气象服务  内在联系  改进措施
英文关键词: disastrous weather  decision-making meteorological service  internal relation  improvement measure
基金项目:国家气象中心青年基金项目(Q201813)
作者单位
张永恒,孔祥一,张立生,王维国 (国家气象中心北京 100081) 
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中文摘要:
      灾害性天气的总结是研究其形成机理和变化规律的基础,也是提高预报预测准确率的有效途径,而决策气象服务是围绕天气变化进行的一项有中国特色的特殊服务,是政府部门科学决策的依据,工作对象的特殊性决定了天气预报预测能力需要不断提升和增强,决策气象服务技术需要不断改进和创新。通过对2018年全国灾害性天气特征和决策气象服务工作进行归纳、分析,并结合业务实际和未来发展,探讨性地提出改进措施,旨在建立灾害性天气和决策气象服务的内在联系,增强业务人员对天气变化规律的认知和对决策气象服务的深度理解,以预报发展推动服务水平提升,以服务需求促进预报技术提高,从而更好地发挥新形势下的决策参谋作用。
英文摘要:
      The summary of disastrous weather is the basis of studying its formation mechanism and change rules and also an effective way to improve the accuracy of forecast and prediction. Decision-making meteorological service is a special service with Chinese characteristics with regard to weather change, which acts as the basis of scientific decision-making of government. The particularity of working object determines that the ability of forecasting needs to be enhanced and the technologies for decision-making meteorological service need improvement and innovation. According to the summary and analysis of the characteristics of disastrous weather and decision-making meteorological service over China in 2018, improvement measures for actual operational work and future development are suggested, aiming at establishing internal relations between disastrous weather and decision-making meteorological service and enhancing personnel's in-depth understanding in field of meteorological disaster and decision-making meteorological service. The role of decision-making service will be better played under the new situation by improving service with better forecasting skills and developing forecasting techniques according to actual service demands.
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