文章摘要
下一代大气模式中的数值方法综述
Numerical Methods for the Next Generation of Atmospheric models: A Review
投稿时间:2022-01-30  修订日期:2022-05-20
DOI:
中文关键词: 数值预报  多圈层耦合  数值方法  下一代大气模式
英文关键词: numerical prediction  coupled system  numerical method  next generation atmospheric model
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1501904)
作者单位邮编
沈学顺 中国气象局地球系统数值预报中心 灾害天气国家重点实验室 100081
李兴良 中国气象局地球系统数值预报中心 灾害天气国家重点实验室 100081
陈春刚 西安交通大学航天航空学院 机械结构强度与振动国家重点实验室 710049
唐杰 中国气象局地球系统数值预报中心 灾害天气国家重点实验室 100081
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中文摘要:
   数值预报是逐日天气预报、气候预测和气象防灾减灾的核心科技支撑。为进一步提高预报预测的准确度和延长预见期,甚高分辨率、多圈层耦合、多尺度嵌套、多尺度集合、数值地球系统模拟技术等是下一代数值预报的重要发展方向。异构众核高性能计算机和E-级计算的高速发展为这一发展提供了契机,但也对现有业务数值预报中采用的数值方法提出了挑战。本文仅对下一代大气模式涉及到的数值方法进行综述,着重数值算法、准均匀球面网格和时间积分方案等三个方面,期望为相关研究者提供参考。
英文摘要:
   Numerical prediction is the core scientific and technological support of daily weather forecasting, climate prediction and meteorological disaster prevention and reduction. In order to further improve the accuracy of prediction and extend the skillful prediction to much longer period, coupled system, multi-scale nesting, multi-scale ensemble and earth system modeling are important development directions of the next generation of numerical prediction. The rapid development of heterogeneous multi-core high-performance computers and E-computing provides an opportunity for this development, but it also poses a challenge to the numerical methods used in the existing operational numerical predictions. This paper only summarizes the numerical methods involved in the next generation atmospheric model, focusing on three aspects: numerical algorithm, quasi-uniform spherical grid and time integration scheme, hoping to provide reference for relevant researchers.
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